Plastics and Innovation

Market production by segment

The segment and the types of biopolymers that are currently leading and will lead in 2025.

Biopolymers have a considerable usage in many markets, from agriculture, automotive, electronics, textile, packaging, and several other segments. Packaging, which includes rigid and flexible packaging was the largest segment accounted for 47% (992.000 tons) of biopolymers global production in 2020, followed by consumer goods, textiles and agriculture with 12%, 11%, and 8% respectively of total biopolymer production shown in figure 1.

Figure 1. Global production capacities of bioplastics by material segment 2020 (European Bioplastic 2020)

However, in 2025, according to European Bioplastics (2020), packaging will continue to dominate the application of bioplastics, followed by a slight increase in consumer goods compared with 2020. On the other hand, market segments like textiles and automotive are expected to decrease

Furthermore, the application of bioplastics in other segments such as coating, agriculture and electronics will continue to stabilize or slightly increase, as shown in figure 2.

Figure 2. Global production capacities of bioplastics by material segment 2025 (European Bioplastic 2020)

Market production by type.

Considering the global production of bioplastics by type in 2020, the ratio between biodegradable and non-biodegradable presented in figure 3 is almost the same, with a sparse difference of biodegradable bioplastics which account for 58.1%. On the other hand, non-biodegradable bioplastics account for 41.9% of all production of bioplastics. Although non-biodegradable, these bioplastics have a high preference as they dispense high adaption with existing recycling lines of conventional plastics. The main material types produced from biodegradable bioplastics in 2020 were Starch blends and PLA accounted for 18.7% of total global production, followed by PBAT and PBS with 13.5% and 4.1%, respectively. Concerning non-degradable bioplastics bio-PE, bio-PA and bio-PET were the most produced types from this category (European Bioplastics 2020).

Figure 3. Global production capacities of bioplastics by material type 2020 (European Bioplastic 2019)

Figure 4 provides the forecast of the global production of bioplastics by product type in 2025. The global production will increase to 2.87 million tons, but the ratio between the non-biodegradable and biodegradable bioplastics will change. The expectations are for a decrease of starch blend bioplastics and an increase of PHA due to technological advancements. Furthermore, a sharp decrease of Bio-PET will be due to the focus on recycled PET and the introduction of PEF.

Figure 4. Global production capacities of bioplastics by material type 2025 (European Bioplastic 2020)


Enea Saraci
Regional Sales Manager / Program-Director of Biopolymers